High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia) (cont.)
High Blood Sugar Treatment
Self-Care at Home
Check blood sugar levels with a blood glucose meter. If blood sugar level is
higher than normal, but there are no symptoms, continue routine care such as:
- Take all diabetes medications on schedule.
- Eat regular meals.
- Drink sugar-free and caffeine-free liquids.
- Take a blood sugar reading every four hours (write it down) until levels are
back to normal.
- Check urine for ketones (all patients with diabetes) and write down the
readings. Follow sick day rules as defined in your diabetes care plan until
ketones disappear from urine.
Strategies to lower blood sugar level include:
- Exercise: A simple way to lower high blood sugar is to exercise. But if
blood glucose levels are higher than 240 mg/dL, first check the urine for
ketones. If ketones are present, do not exercise. The risk is that blood sugar
levels will rise even higher. Talk with the doctor about a safe way to lower
blood glucose levels in this situation.
- Diet: Work with a diabetes health educator or registered dietitian to
develop a workable diet plan to manage diabetes.
- Medication: If diet and exercise are not keeping blood sugar levels in the
normal range, the doctor may adjust the amount, timing, or type of medications
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