High Cholesterol (cont.)
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High cholesterol is just one of several risk factors for coronary heart disease. A health care practitioner will consider a person's overall risk when assessing their cholesterol levels and discussing treatment options.
Risk factors are conditions that increase a person's risk for developing heart disease. Some risk factors can be changed and others cannot. In general, the more risk factors a person has, the greater the chance of developing coronary heart disease. Some risk factors can be controlled; however, some cannot be controlled.
Risk factors that cannot be controlled include:
Risk factors that can be controlled include:
If a person has high lipoproteins and thus high cholesterol, their doctor will work with them to target their levels with dietary and drug treatment. Depending on a person's risk factors for heart disease, target goals may differ for lowering their LDL cholesterol.
Diet: The National Cholesterol Education Program has created dietary guidelines.
Activity: Although exercise has little effect on LDL, aerobic exercise may improve insulin sensitivity, HDL, and triglyceride levels and may thus reduce the risk of heart disease. People who exercise and control their diet appear to be more successful with long-term lifestyle modifications that improve their heart risk profile.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/27/2015
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High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is positively associated with a decreased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD).