Hip Contusion Symptoms, Treatment, and Recovery Time
Medical Author: Benjamin C. Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
The hip joint is a "ball-in-socket" joint that attaches the thigh to the torso of the body. This allows the lower extremity to move in the many directions needed for walking, jumping, sitting, and squatting. Small injuries in or around the hip can cause significant pain and loss of function. A contusionis a bruise, and a hip contusion is a common injury to the tissues around the hip that can affect hip function.
Hip contusions cause tiny blood vessels (capillaries) to break and cause the bleeding that characterizes the bruise. The force of the injury can also cause damage and inflammation within the joint and to the structures that surround it. Understanding the mechanism of injury may help predict what structure is hurt, what tests need to be done, how long it's going to hurt, and what can be done to make it better.
Hip contusions can affect any of the structures that compose the joint.