Hip Pain (cont.)
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Hip Pain Prevention
The body is a machine that needs to be well looked after over a lifetime. By maintaining a normal body mass index and avoiding obesity, providing a good diet to build strong bones, and by exercising routinely to preserve normal range of motion of the hip, osteoarthritis of the hips and back pain may be avoided.
Medications that prevent osteoporosis in women should be considered to minimize the risk of hip and back fractures in at-risk women. These include calcium, vitamin D, and bisphosphonates (Actonel, Boniva, Fosamax). Bone mineral density screening may be a reasonable screening tool.
For older individuals, it is important to minimize the risk of falling and breaking a hip or sustaining other injuries related to a fall. Preventive measures include wearing well-fitting shoes with a good tread, using a cane or walker for stability if needed, and making certain that walking areas in the home are free of clutter. The use of area rugs and mats should be avoided.
For individuals of all ages, it is important to maintain good strength, flexibility, and posture throughout life to allow the hip to move and function normally.
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