Histoplasmosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Histoplasmosis article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adrenal gland: A small gland located on top of the kidney. The adrenal glands produce horm...

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Alveoli: The plural of alveolus. The alveoli are tiny air sacs within the lungs where the ...

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Angina: Chest pain due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. The pain is ...

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Antifungal: A medication that limits or prevents the growth of yeasts and other fungal org...

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Antifungal medication: A drug used to treat fungal infections.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blastomycosis: Infection with a fungus called Blastomyces dermatitidis. The infection caus...

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Blindness: Loss of useful sight. Blindness can be temporary or permanent. Damage to any p...

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Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiac output: The amount of blood the heart pumps through the circulatory system in a mi...

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Cavities: Holes or structural damage in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Compress: Cloth or another material applied under pressure to an area of the skin and held...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Cutaneous: Related to the skin.

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath. Dyspnea is a sign of serious...

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Encephalopathy: Disease, damage, or malfunction of the brain. In general, encephalopathy i...

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Erythema: Redness of the skin that results from capillary congestion. Erythema can occur w...

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Erythema multiforme: See: Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Erythema nodosum: An inflammatory reaction that occurs deep in the skin and is characteriz...

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Excise: To cut out entirely. For example, a scalpel or laser beam may be used to excise a ...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Flu: Short for influenza. The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract w...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Fungus: A single-celled or multicellular organism. Fungi can be true pathogens (such as hi...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart valves: There are four heart valves. All are one-way valves. Blood entering the ...

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Histoplasma: Full name: histoplasma capsulatum. A microscopic fungus that causes th...

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Histoplasma capsulatum: See: Histoplasma.

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Histoplasmosis: A disease caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. Most people with hi...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunocompromised: Having an immune system that has been impaired by disease or medical tr...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymphatic: Pertaining to a small, thin channel that is similar to a blood vessel and that ...

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Macrophage: A type of white blood cell that ingests foreign material. Macrophages are key ...

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mycelia: The plural of mycelium.

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Ocular: Having to do with the eye.

Ocular histoplasmosis syndrome: An eye disease that is a leading cause of vision loss, due...

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Organic: 1. A chemical compound that contains carbon.
2. Related to a...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pericardial: Referring to the pericardium, the sac of fibrous tissue that surrounds the he...

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Pericarditis: Inflammation of the lining around the heart (the pericardium) that causes ch...

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Pleural: Pertaining to the pleura, the thin covering that protects the lungs. The term "pl...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary fibrosis: Scarring throughout the lungs that can be caused by many conditions, s...

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Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Resect: To remove. Resect and excise are not synonymous. Excise implies total removal wher...

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Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Retinal: Pertaining to the retina, the extraordinary layer of neurons (nerve cells) that ...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sputum: Mucous material from the lungs that is produced (brought up) by coughing.

Subacute: Rather recent onset or somewhat rapid change. In contrast, acute indicates very ...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Symptomatic: 1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic o...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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