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What Specialists Treat Histoplasmosis?
The majority of infections require no treatment; however, if moderate to severe symptoms develop, such specialists in infectious disease, pulmonology, ophthalmology, neurology, and/or surgery may be consulted.
When Should Someone Seek Medical Care for Histoplasmosis?
Patients with the symptoms of histoplasmosis (or pneumonia), especially if they have any of the risk factors listed above, should not attempt home care; they should seek medical care urgently.
How Do Health-Care Professionals Diagnose Histoplasmosis?
Diagnosis of histoplasmosis is done by obtaining the patient's history and by seeing the fungi in samples taken from infected tissue and examined microscopically. However, the definitive diagnosis of histoplasmosis is done by isolating (growing) the fungus from one or more tissue samples (blood or sputum samples or biopsy samples from skin, bone marrow, liver, or other organs). Growth of the fungus differentiates similar diseases from each other (for example, blastomycosis from histoplasmosis). In addition, there are immunology-based tests that can detect fungi antigens produced by Histoplasma that are present in urine. Another available test can detect serum antibodies directed against the fungi; this test indicates the person has been exposed to the fungi but does not determine active infection.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/9/2016
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