Home Pharmacy (cont.)
Allergies and Itch
Allergic reactions limited to the skin including itching and hives (urticaria) usually are not life-threatening. However, difficulty breathing, wheezing, hoarseness, or difficulty swallowing may be signs of a life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylactic shock and emergency medical services should be activated (call 911 if available) if these symptoms develop.
- Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) is an antihistamine that treats allergic reactions and itch. It is effective but a significant side effect in drowsiness. Individuals taking diphenhydramine should not drive a car, operate heavy machinery, or drink alcohol. Nonsedating antihistamines include loratadine (Claritin), cetirizine (Zyrtec) and fexofenadine (Allegra).
- Cromolyn sodium (Nasalcrom) is a nasal spray used to treat nasal allergies.
Medically reviewed by Rambod Rouhbakhsh, MD, MBA, FAAFP; American Board of Family Medicine
American Academy of Pediatrics. Use of Codeine-and Dextromethorphan-Containing
cough Remedies in Children.
Centers for Disease Control.
Cold and cough Medicines: Information for Parents.
healthychildren.org. Caring for a Child with a Viral Infection.
Smith SM, Schroeder K, Fahey T. Over-the-counter medications for acute
cough in children and adults in ambulatory settings (Review). Cochrane Database
of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 1.
U.S. Food and Drug
Administration. "Regulation of Nonprescription Products.
Previous contributing authors and editors: Author: Kenneth Ahonen, MD, FACEP, Consulting Staff, Department of Emergency Medicine, Baptist Hospital of Miami.
Editors: James E Keany, MD, FACEP, Director of Emergency Medical Education, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mission Hospital Regional Medical Center and Children's Hospital at Miss; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Ron Fuerst, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of South Carolina College of Medicine; Director, Children's Emergency Center, Children's Hospital of Richland Memorial Hospital.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/19/2014
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