Homocysteine Topic Guide
Homocysteine: Homocysteine is an amino acid produced by the body, usually as a byproduct of consuming meat, fish or dairy. Elevated levels of homocysteine in the blood do not usually cause symptoms, but they raise the risk for heart disease. The cause of high homocysteine levels is usually dietary deficiencies in vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folic acid. Treatment to lower homocysteine levels is vitamin supplementation.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (Blood Clot in the Leg, DVT) Deep vein thrombosis (blood clot in the leg, DVT) is a blood clot imbedded in one of the major veins of the lower body, including the legs, thighs, or pelvis. Causes of DVT include prolonged sitting while traveling, trauma, prolonged immobility, obesity, heart attack, hormone therapy, cancer, respiratory conditions, and aging. Symptoms of DVT include redness and warmth to the touch, leg cramps, edema, and pain. Treatment is generally blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin).