Homocysteine Topic Guide
Homocysteine (Blood Test):
Homocysteine is an amino acid produced by the body, usually as a byproduct of consuming meat, fish or dairy. Elevated levels of homocysteine in the blood do not usually cause symptoms, but they raise the risk for heart disease like heart attack and stroke. The cause of high homocysteine levels is usually dietary deficiencies in vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folic acid. Homocystinuria is a rare genetic condition in which homocysteine is excreted in the urine. Testing generally is done on the newborn if the disease runs in the family. Treatment to lower homocysteine levels is vitamin supplementation.
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DVT (Blood Clot in the Leg, Deep Vein Thrombosis)
Deep vein thrombosis (blood clot in the leg, DVT) is a blood clot imbedded in one of the major veins of the lower body, including the legs, thighs, or pelvis. Causes of DVT include prolonged sitting while traveling, trauma, prolonged immobility, obesity, heart attack, hormone therapy, cancer, respiratory conditions, and aging. Symptoms of DVT include
Treatment guidelines and prophylaxis includes medication, surgery, and lifestyle changes.
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