Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
Author: Henry Farkas, MD, Medical Director, VNA of Maryland/Northern Chesapeake Hospice; Medical Director, Department of Emergency Medicine, Union Hospital of Cecil County.
Editors: James E Keany, MD, FACEP, Director of Emergency Medical Education, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mission Hospital Regional Medical Center and Children's Hospital at Miss; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Ron Fuerst, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of South Carolina College of Medicine; Director, Children's Emergency Center, Children's Hospital of Richland Memorial Hospital.
AAHPM. American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine Website. American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine Web site.
American Cancer Society. Caring for the Patient with Cancer at Home: A Guide for Patients and Families. aring for the Patient with Cancer at Home: A Guide for Patients and Families.
Brooks J. Midlife orphan. In: Facing Life's Changes Now That Your Parents Are Gone. Berkley Publishing Group; 1999.
Byock I. Dying Well. Berkley Publishing Group; 1997.
GriefNet. GriefNet Homepage. GriefNet Homepage.
Halpern J. Helping Your Aging Parents: A Practical Guide for Adult Children. McGraw-Hill Co; 1987.
Health Care Financing Administration. Medicare Hospice Benefits. 1999.
Kubler-Ross E. Questions and Answers on Death and Dying. Macmillan Publishing Co; 1974.
National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization. The National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization Website. The National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization Website.
Zimmerman JM. Hospice: Complete Care for the Terminally Ill. Foreword by Dame Cicely Saunders. Urban & Schwarzenberg; 1981.
Palliative care has been defined by the World Health Organization (WHO)as "the active total care of patients whose disease is not responsive to curative treatment. Control of pain, of other symptoms, and of psychological, social and spiritual problems, is paramount.