Hot Flashes Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hot Flashes article.

Acetate: A molecular ion derived from acetic acid. The formula of acetate is CH3COO-.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Bioidentical hormone therapy: Treatment with hormone medications that contain hormones tha...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carcinoid syndrome: A syndrome due to carcinoid tumor which secretes large amounts of the ...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Endometrial cancer: Cancer of the womb (the uterus ). Endometrial cancer occurs most often...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Estrogens: Female hormones produced by the ovaries. Estrogen deficiency can lead to osteop...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hormone therapy: Treatment of disease or symptoms with synthetic or naturally derived horm...

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Hot flashes: A sudden wave of mild or intense body heat caused by rushes of hormonal chang...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also ...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Night sweats: Severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. Nigh...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Palpitations: Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In ...

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Perimenopause: The time in a woman's life when physiological changes occur that begin the...

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Perspiration: 1) The secretion of fluid by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. These small, ...

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Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Progestin: Any one of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone.

Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

SSRI: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, one of a family of antidepressant medication...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vitamin E: Alpha-tocopherol, an antioxidant vitamin which binds oxygen free radicals that ...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Women's Health Initiative: A long-term national health study that focuses on strategies fo...

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