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Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) (cont.)

Hypercalcemia Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia in most patients are minimal; however, as the level of calcium increases, the symptoms will be more pronounced. Acute (rapid) increases in calcium levels will cause more severe symptoms. For example, with dramatically elevated calcium, abnormal electrical impulses in the heart and arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms) can occur. In fact, there is a specific pattern on electrocardiogram (EKG) associated with high levels of calcium.

Because of the clinical findings seen in hypercalcemia, the symptoms are often described as "moans, stones, groans, and bones."

Some of the symptoms of hypercalcemia include the following:

Moans (gastrointestinal conditions)

  • abdominal pain
  • constipation
  • decreased appetite
  • nausea
  • peptic ulcer disease
  • vomiting

Stones (kidney-related conditions)

Groans (psychological conditions)

  • confusion
  • dementia
  • depression
  • memory loss

Bones (bone pain and bone-related conditions)

  • bone aches and pains
  • curving of the spine and loss of height
  • fractures

Extreme elevations in calcium levels may cause coma.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/4/2014
Medical Editor:

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