Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) (cont.)
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Signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia in most patients are minimal; however, as the level of calcium increases, the symptoms will be more pronounced. Acute (rapid) increases in calcium levels will cause more severe symptoms. For example, with dramatically elevated calcium, abnormal electrical impulses in the heart and arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms) can occur. In fact, there is a specific pattern on electrocardiogram (EKG) associated with high levels of calcium.
Because of the clinical findings seen in hypercalcemia, the symptoms are often described as "moans, stones, groans, and bones."
Some of the symptoms of hypercalcemia include the following:
Moans (gastrointestinal conditions)
Stones (kidney-related conditions)
Groans (psychological conditions)
Bones (bone pain and bone-related conditions)
Extreme elevations in calcium levels may cause coma.
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