Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium) article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adrenal gland: A small gland located on top of the kidney. The adrenal glands produce horm...

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Alcoholism: Physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping alcohol use would b...

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Aldosterone: A hormone produced by the outer portion (cortex) of the adrenal gland. Aldost...

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Angiotensin: A family of peptides that constrict blood vessels. Narrowing the diameter of ...

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Bicarbonate: In medicine, bicarbonate usually refers to bicarbonate of soda (sodium bicarb...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic renal failure: Now more commonly classified as chronic kidney disease and is liste...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diabetic ketoacidosis: High blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine and bl...

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Dialysis: The process of removing waste products and excess fluid from the body. Dialysis ...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Epinephrine: Also known as adrenaline. A substance produced by the medulla inside of the a...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastrointestinal tract: The stomach and intestines. Abbreviated GI tract.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hyperkalemia: Elevated potassium in the blood. Hyperkalemia can be caused by taking excess...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar gluco...

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Intensive care: See critical care.

Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

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Ketoacidosis: A feature of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus characterized by a combination o...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Liter: A metric measure of capacity that is equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of water at ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neuromuscular: Pertaining to both nerves and muscles, as in neuromuscular blockade by an a...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Receptor: 1. In cell biology, a structure on the surface of a cell (or inside a cel...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Rejection: In transplantation biology, when the body's immune system attacks transplanted ...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Rhabdomyolysis: A condition in which skeletal muscle is broken down, releasing muscle enzy...

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Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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Skeletal: Pertaining to the skeleton, the bones of the body that collectively provide the ...

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Skeletal muscle: Along with smooth and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue i...

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Smooth muscle: Along with skeletal and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue i...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Tiredness: See: Tired.

Transplant: The grafting of a tissue from one place to another, just as in botany a bu...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Voluntary: Done in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The opposite of i...

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