Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium) article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

See the entire definition of Acute

Adrenal gland: A small gland located on top of the kidney. The adrenal glands produce horm...

See the entire definition of Adrenal gland

Alcoholism: Physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping alcohol use would b...

See the entire definition of Alcoholism

Aldosterone: A hormone produced by the outer portion (cortex) of the adrenal gland. Aldost...

See the entire definition of Aldosterone

Angiotensin: A family of peptides that constrict blood vessels. Narrowing the diameter of ...

See the entire definition of Angiotensin

Bicarbonate: In medicine, bicarbonate usually refers to bicarbonate of soda (sodium bicarb...

See the entire definition of Bicarbonate

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Chronic renal failure: Now more commonly classified as chronic kidney disease and is liste...

See the entire definition of Chronic renal failure

Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

See the entire definition of Circulation

Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

See the entire definition of Diabetes

Diabetic ketoacidosis: High blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine and bl...

See the entire definition of Diabetic ketoacidosis

Dialysis: The process of removing waste products and excess fluid from the body. Dialysis ...

See the entire definition of Dialysis

ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

See the entire definition of Electrocardiogram

Epinephrine: Also known as adrenaline. A substance produced by the medulla inside of the a...

See the entire definition of Epinephrine back to top

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

See the entire definition of Essential

Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

See the entire definition of Gastrointestinal

Gastrointestinal tract: The stomach and intestines. Abbreviated GI tract.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

See the entire definition of Gland

Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

See the entire definition of Glucose

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hyperkalemia: Elevated potassium in the blood. Hyperkalemia can be caused by taking excess...

See the entire definition of Hyperkalemia

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

See the entire definition of Injury

Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar gluco...

See the entire definition of Insulin

Intensive care: See critical care.

Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

See the entire definition of Involuntary

Ketoacidosis: A feature of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus characterized by a combination o...

See the entire definition of Ketoacidosis

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Liter: A metric measure of capacity that is equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of water at ...

See the entire definition of Liter

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle back to top

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nausea

Neuromuscular: Pertaining to both nerves and muscles, as in neuromuscular blockade by an a...

See the entire definition of Neuromuscular

Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

See the entire definition of Outpatient

Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

See the entire definition of Paralysis

Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

See the entire definition of Potassium

Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

See the entire definition of Pulse

Receptor: 1. In cell biology, a structure on the surface of a cell (or inside a cel...

See the entire definition of Receptor

Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

See the entire definition of Red blood cells

Rejection: In transplantation biology, when the body's immune system attacks transplanted ...

See the entire definition of Rejection

Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Rhabdomyolysis: A condition in which skeletal muscle is broken down, releasing muscle enzy...

See the entire definition of Rhabdomyolysis

Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

See the entire definition of Serum

Skeletal: Pertaining to the skeleton, the bones of the body that collectively provide the ...

See the entire definition of Skeletal

Skeletal muscle: Along with smooth and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue i...

See the entire definition of Skeletal muscle

Smooth muscle: Along with skeletal and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue i...

See the entire definition of Smooth muscle back to top

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

See the entire definition of Sodium

Tiredness: See: Tired.

Transplant: The grafting of a tissue from one place to another, just as in botany a bu...

See the entire definition of Transplant

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

See the entire definition of Tumor

Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

See the entire definition of Urinary

Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

See the entire definition of Urinary tract

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

See the entire definition of Urine

Voluntary: Done in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The opposite of i...

See the entire definition of Voluntary back to top




NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD


Medical Dictionary