Hyperparathyroidism Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hyperparathyroidism article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Contraction: The tightening and shortening of a muscle.

Creatinine: A chemical waste molecule that is generated from muscle metabolism. Creatinine...

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Dementia: Significant loss of intellectual abilities, such as memory capacity, that is sev...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diuretic: Something that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney. All diuretics caus...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Familial: A condition that tends to occur more often in family members than is expected by...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

GI tract: Short for gastrointestinal tract. See: Gastrointestinal tract.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hypercalcemia: A higher-than-normal level of calcium in the blood. Hypercalcemia can be a ...

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Hyperparathyroidism: Too much parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally high levels of ...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neoplasia: Abnormal new growth of cells.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Parathyroid gland: A gland that regulates calcium, located behind the thyroid gland in the...

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Parathyroid hormone: See Parathormone.

Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

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Preoperative: Before surgery. As opposed to postoperative, after surgery.

Progestin: Any one of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone.

Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

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Resorption: The process of losing substance. For example, when bone is surgically reshaped...

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Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptomatic: 1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic o...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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