Font Size

Hyperparathyroidism (cont.)

Hyperparathyroidism Causes

  • Hyperparathyroidism is not an uncommon disorder. It is more common in women, and in the older population its incidence can be as high as 1 in 1000.
  • In the majority of cases the cause of hyperparathyroidism is not known. In most people, hyperparathyroidism occurs sporadically.
  • In some cases, however, there can be a genetic basis for developing the disorder. A rare inherited syndrome called familial multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN I) is associated with hyperparathyroidism.
  • In some cases, all four of the parathyroid glands are somewhat enlarged and secrete excessive amounts of hormones. This is referred to ashyperplasia.
  • In other cases, one of the four glands functions autonomously, and produces excessive hormone on its own. Usually this gland is enlarged and is referred to as anadenoma (a type of benign tumor).

Hyperparathyroidism Symptoms

Patient Comments

Because the clinical findings seen in hyperparathyroidism are due to hypercalcemia, the symptoms are the same as those of hypercalcemia. Excessive calcium may cause high blood pressure or hypertension. Symptoms are often described as "moans, stones, groans, and bones".

Some of the symptoms include the following:

Moans (gastrointestinal conditions)

Stones (kidney-related conditions)

Groans (psychological conditions)

Bones (bone pain and bone-related conditions)

  • Bone aches and pains
  • Fractures
  • Curving of the spine and loss of height
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/24/2015

Must Read Articles Related to Hyperparathyroidism

Bone Mineral Density Tests
Bone Mineral Density Tests Osteoporosis (or porous bone) is a disease in which bones become weak and are more likely to break. Bone mineral density tests check the strength and solidness ...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Hyperparathyroidism:

Hyperparathyroidism - Symptoms

What was your experience with symptoms of hyperparathyroidism?

Hyperparathyroidism - Treatment

How was your hyperparathyroidism treated? What methods were most effective?

Medical Dictionary