Exams and Tests
- The diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism is made by blood
tests. If the results of the blood tests reveal that the calcium levels in the blood are elevated, and the blood PTH levels
are also inappropriately high for the serum calcium, the diagnosis of
hyperparathyroidism can be confirmed.
- While there can be other
causes of high blood calcium (hypercalcemia), this finding combined with the
high PTH level confirms the diagnosis.
- A 24-hour urine examination
may also be ordered to confirm an increase of calcium in urine.
- X-rays of bone
structures may reveal fractures
and other changes in bone.
- Abdominal imaging may also reveal evidence of stones in the
kidney, ureters, or bladder.
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