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The treatments discussed here are for all causes of hyperthyroidism except for subacute thyroiditis. Subacute thyroiditis typically gets better without any specific treatment.
The treatment options for hyperthyroidism caused by Graves' disease or nodular thyroid disease are divided into two sections.
Although the most common treatment of overactive thyroid disease is radioactive iodine ablation, many patients are initially treated with antithyroid medication to normalize thyroid hormone levels prior to either radioactive iodine ablation or thyroidectomy.
Surgery is used to treat hyperthyroidism if the patient requires a quick reduction in thyroid hormone levels such as during pregnancy.
Stephanie L Lee, MD, PhD, FACE
Sonia Ananthakrishnan, MD
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