Hyponatremia (Low Sodium) (cont.)
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Self Care at Home
Prevention is important with respect to hyponatremia. It is important to respect the thirst mechanism to help decide about adequate hydration. As well, monitoring urine color may be helpful. Concentrated, or dark, urine is associated with dehydration, while clear urine usually indicates that the body has enough fluid.
Patients on diuretic medications and those with heart, kidney, and liver failure often have the electrolyte levels in their blood monitored routinely.
It is important to remember that the major issue with hyponatremia is cerebral edema. Therefore, emergency care is necessary for patients with altered mental status, confusion, or lethargy or those who have had a seizure or cannot be wakened.
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