Hyponatremia (Low Sodium) Topic Guide
Hyponatremia (Low Sodium): Low levels of sodium in the blood is referred to as hyponatremia. Causes of hyponatremia include: pneumonia, lung cancer, brain tumors, kidney or heart failure, liver disease, and dehydration. Some of the symptoms of hyponatremia include: headache, nausea and vomiting, confusion, and lethargy. In acute hyponatremia seizures, coma, and even death may occur. Treatment of hyponatremia is generally to balance the electrolytes and raise the sodium levels in the blood.
Dehydration (Adults) Dehydration occurs when the loss of body fluids (mostly water), exceeds the amount that is taken in. Causes of dehydration include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, diseases (diabetes), impaired ability to drink, lack of access to safe drinking water, and injuries to the skin. Common symptoms of dehydration include dizziness, dry skin, headache, low urine output, tiredness, sleepiness, dry mouth, and increased thirst. Treatment of dehydration depends upon the severity of the condition.