Hyponatremia (Low Sodium) Topic Guide
Hyponatremia (Low Sodium): Low levels of sodium in the blood is referred to as hyponatremia. Causes of hyponatremia include: pneumonia, lung cancer, brain tumors, kidney or heart failure, liver disease, and dehydration. Some of the symptoms of hyponatremia include: headache, nausea and vomiting, confusion, and lethargy. In acute hyponatremia seizures, coma, and even death may occur. Treatment of hyponatremia is generally to balance the electrolytes and raise the sodium levels in the blood.
High Blood Pressure High blood pressure (hypertension) may be present in an individual, without any symptoms. Thus, it is called the "silent killer." Secondary causes of high blood pressure include heart disease, kidney disease, tumors, birth control, alcohol, thyroid dysfunction and birth control pills. Treatment of high blood pressure is generally through diet, exercise, and medication if necessary.