Hypothermia Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hypothermia article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Acidosis: Too much acid in the body, a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the ac...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Amnesia: An impairment to or lack of memory. Antegrade amnesia refers to a lack of memory ...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Axillary: Pertaining to the armpit, the cavity beneath the junction of the arm and the bod...

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Basal metabolic rate: A measure of the rate of metabolism. For example, someone with an ov...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiac output: The amount of blood the heart pumps through the circulatory system in a mi...

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Cardiopulmonary: Having to do with both the heart and lungs.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A life-saving emergency procedure that involves breathing f...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dialysis: The process of removing waste products and excess fluid from the body. Dialysis ...

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Diathermy: The use of heat to destroy abnormal cells. Also called cauterization or electro...

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Dilate: To stretch or enlarge. Also known as dilatate.

Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

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Extracorporeal: Outside the body, in the anatomic sense. As in extracorporeal circulation,...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fibrillation: In cardiology, an abnormal and erratic twitching of the heart muscle.

Foley catheter: See: Catheter, Foley.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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Hypothermia: Abnormally low body temperature. Someone who falls asleep in a cold temperatu...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Low blood sugar: A low blood level of the sugar glucose. Also called hypoglycemia.

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Oxygen mask: A mask that covers the mouth and nose and is hooked up to an oxygen tank. It ...

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Peritoneal: Having to do with the peritoneum.

Peritoneal dialysis: A dialysis technique that uses the patient's own body tissues inside ...

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Plague: The plague is an infectious disease due to a bacteria called Yersinia pestis.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Resuscitation: The procedure of restoring to life, as in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CP...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Skin color: The color of skin which is complexly determined. Skin color depends on many fa...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal cord injury: Trauma or damage to the spinal cord, the major column of nerve tissue ...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Thermometer: A device used to measure the temperature of gaseous, liquid or solid matter o...

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Trachea: A tube-like portion of the respiratory tract that connects the larynx with the br...

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Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Unconscious: 1. Interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings, lack ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Ventricular: Pertaining to the ventricles, the lower chambers of the heart, as in ventricu...

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Ventricular fibrillation: An abnormal and irregular heart rhythm in which there are rapid ...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

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