Prepare well before embarking on any cold weather activities.
- Be aware of the environmental conditions you will encounter.
- Make sure people are conditioned physically and have adequate nutrition and rest.
- Travel with a partner.
- Wear multiple layers of clothing, loosely fitted. Cover the head, wrists, neck, hands, and feet and try to remain dry; wool, silk or polypropylene layered clothing is better than cotton clothing.
- In an emergency, drink cold water rather than ice or snow.
- Be wary of wind and wet weather because they increase the rate of heat loss.
- Keep the homes of the elderly heated to at least 70 F (21.1 C), especially the sleeping area.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/26/2015
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