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Risks of Hysterectomy
Hysterectomy poses some risks of major and minor complications. But most women do not have complications after a hysterectomy.
Some studies have shown complication rates that are about the same for total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH), laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), and total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH).4, 5 Your risk of problems after surgery may be higher or lower than average. This may depend in part on how experienced the surgeon is.
Major medical complications after hysterectomy
Rates of major complications after vaginal hysterectomy and abdominal hysterectomy (rounded to nearest 0.5%):3
In the study described above, the major complication rate was nearly twice as high after laparoscopic abdominal hysterectomies than after open abdominal hysterectomies. Complication rates were about the same for vaginal and laparoscopic vaginal surgeries. (These rates do not apply to radical hysterectomy done to treat cancer.)3
Minor medical complications after hysterectomy
Rates of minor complications after vaginal hysterectomy and abdominal hysterectomy (rounded to nearest 0.5%):3
In the study described above, there was no significant difference in minor complication rates, whether the hysterectomy was laparoscopic, vaginal, or abdominal. (These rates do not apply to radical hysterectomy done to treat cancer.)
Other ongoing complications of hysterectomy include:
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