Hysterectomy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hysterectomy article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal hysterectomy: Surgical removal of the uterus (a hysterectomy) done through an in...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Adenomyosis: A common, benign condition of the uterus in which the endometrium (the inner ...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Cervical cancer: Cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). The cervix is the lower, na...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Endometrial biopsy: A common procedure for sampling the inner lining of the uterus (the en...

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Endometriosis: The presence of tissue that normally grows inside the uterus (womb) in an ...

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Fallopian tube: One of the two Fallopian tubes that transport the egg from the ovary to th...

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Fasting: : going without food or drink. Patients may be advised to fast for a certain peri...

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Fibroid: A common benign tumor of the uterus. Fibroids can be present without symptoms. Ho...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hormone therapy: Treatment of disease or symptoms with synthetic or naturally derived horm...

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Hot flashes: A sudden wave of mild or intense body heat caused by rushes of hormonal chang...

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Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Insertion: A chromosome abnormality that is due to insertion of a segment from one chromos...

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Laparoscope: An instrument through which structures within the abdomen and pelvis can be s...

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Laparoscopic: 1. Pertaining to the procedure of laparoscopy.
2. Pert...

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Laparoscopy: A type of surgery in which small incisions are made in the abdominal wall thr...

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LAVH: Laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy, a procedure using laparoscopic technique...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Navel: The umbilicus, the former site of attachment of the umbilical cord, usually found i...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Oophorectomy: The removal of one or both ovaries by surgery.

Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Ovary: The female gonad, one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. The ovaries are lo...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Peritoneal: Having to do with the peritoneum.

Postoperative: After surgery. As opposed to preoperative, before surgery.

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Salpingo-oophorectomy: Removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries.

Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Subtotal hysterectomy: The uterus is surgically removed but the cervix is left is left in ...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Ureter: One of the two tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Each ureter...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Uterine cancer: A malignant tumor of the uterus (womb), which occurs most often in women b...

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Uterine lining: The inner layer of the uterus (womb); the cells that line the womb; anatom...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Vaginal hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus through a surgical incision made within the v...

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Womb: The womb (uterus) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen ...

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Medical Dictionary