Hysteroscopy is the process of using a viewing scope to examine the interior of the uterus along with the cervical canal. The scope is inserted through the vagina and into the cervical opening. The procedure can be performed as an aid in the diagnosis of problems with the uterus, or it may be combined with simple surgical techniques for treatment purposes.
Since hysteroscopy examines the interior (lining) of the uterus, it is not appropriate for examination or diagnosis of problems or conditions that occur within the muscular wall or on the outside of the uterus. While hysteroscopy allows visualization of the openings to the Fallopian tubes to the uterine cavity, it does not allow for direct examination of the Fallopian tubes.
Hysteroscopy is one procedure that your doctor may consider for the evaluation and/or treatment of a number of different conditions, including abnormal vaginal bleeding, polyps or tumors inside the uterus, anatomic abnormalities, scarring following previous surgical procedures such as dilation and curettage (D&C), and retained placenta. It can also be used for surgical sterilization and to guide the physician to localize an area for endometrial (uterine lining) biopsy.
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