Centraria, Cetraria islandica, Eryngo-leaved Liverwort, Iceland Lichen, Lichen d'Islande, Lichen Islandicus, Liquen de Islandia, Mousse d'Islande, Musgo de Islandia.
fungus growing together in a mutually helpful relationship. Lichens draw their nutrients from the environment and are easily contaminated. They grow well in Iceland because it is one of the least polluted countries in the world. Most of the lichens in Europe were contaminated by the fallout from the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident, but Iceland received much less radioactivity, and the lichens were relatively safe.
Iceland moss is used for treating irritation of the mouth and throat, loss of appetite, common cold, dry cough, bronchitis, indigestion, fevers, lung disease, kidney and bladder complaints, and the tendency toward infection.
Some people apply Iceland moss directly to poorly healing wounds.
In foods, Iceland moss is used as an emergency food source in Iceland.
In manufacturing, Iceland moss is used as a flavoring in alcoholic beverages.
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