Iliotibial Band Syndrome Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Iliotibial Band Syndrome article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Arthroscope: A thin flexible fiberoptic scope which is introduced into a joint space throu...

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Bursa: A closed, fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction b...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Corticosteroid: Any of the steroid hormones made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adre...

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Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates ...

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Femoral: Having to do with the femur.

Femur: The single bone in the thigh, which is the largest bone in the human body. Also kno...

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Gait: A manner of walking. Observation of gait can provide early diagnostic clues for a nu...

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Genu: The Latin word for the knee. When the knee is referred to in medicine, it is just ca...

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Gluteal: Pertaining to the buttocks region, which is formed by the gluteus maximus, gluteu...

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Hamstring: One of the prominent tendons at the back of the knee. The hamstrings are the si...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Iliac: Pertaining to the ilium.

Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Insertion: A chromosome abnormality that is due to insertion of a segment from one chromos...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Knee joint: The knee joint has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the large sh...

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Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Migraine: Usually, periodic attacks of headaches on one or both sides of the head. These ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Naprelan: See: Naproxen.

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Orthotic: A support, brace, or splint used to support, align, prevent, or correct the func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.

Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Quadriceps: Although the term "quadriceps" technically may refer to any four-headed muscle...

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Radiate: To spread out from a central area. For example, sciatic pain may radiate outward ...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Shinbone: The larger of the two bones in the lower leg (the smaller one being the fibula)....

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Thigh bone: The thigh bone in anatomy is called the "femur." Whichever term you care to us...

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Tibia: The larger of the two long bones in the lower leg. The tibia is familiarly known as...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Varum: See: Varus.

Viable: Capable of life. For example, a viable premature baby is one who is able to surviv...

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Medical Dictionary