Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Author: Mai Kim Lai, MD, Staff Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, Sparrow Hospital, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine
Douglas C Finefrock, DO, Staff Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center;
Gregory L Walker, MD, FACEP, Ped EM, Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine; Consulting Staff, Department of Emergency Medicine, Sparrow Hospital
Editors: James E Keany, MD, FACEP, Director of Emergency Medical Education, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mission Hospital Regional Medical Center and Children's Hospital at Miss; Mary L Windle, Pharm D, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine.com, Inc; James S Cohen, MD, Consulting Staff, James Cohen, PC; Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor, eMedicineHealth.com
Tetanus is an illness characterized by an acute onset of hypertonia, painful muscular contractions (usually of the muscles of the jaw and neck), and generalized muscle spasms without other apparent medical causes