Immunization Schedule, Adults (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Tetanus-Diphtheria; Tetanus-Diphtheria-Pertussis (Td/Tdap)
Tetanus is disease caused by bacteria. These bacteria live in all outdoor environments, most commonly in soil. Any open injury to the skin (for example, from a dirty cut, puncture wound, or animal bite) can produce a port of entry into the body. Once inside, the bacteria may germinate and produce a poisonous substance that interferes with nerve conduction. This can result in uncontrolled muscle spasms and may be fatal. Adults younger than 65 years may receive the tetanus, reduced diphtheria, and pertussis vaccine (Tdap) as a one-time alternative to tetanus and diphtheria (Td) if the pertussis component is indicated. The combination vaccine (Tdap) is composed of vaccines against diphtheria, tetanus (lockjaw), and pertussis, another bacterial disease (whooping cough). This vaccine is given routinely to children and is recommended for adults under 65 years of age who have never received a dose of Tdap.
Diphtheria is an infection caused by bacteria. The bacteria usually attack the respiratory tract, especially the throat. Toxins produced by the bacteria cause damage to nerve fibers and to the heart that can result in an irregular or very slow heartbeat or heart failure.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/13/2014
Mai Kim Lai, MD
Douglas C Finefrock, DO
Gregory L Walker, MD, FACEP, Ped EM
Must Read Articles Related to Immunization Schedule, Adults
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Immunization Schedule, Adults:
Adult Immunization Schedule - Patient Experience
Do you regularly receive a flu shot or a vaccine necessary for your career? Have you renewed childhood vaccines?
- Get Your Child's Eczema Under Control
- How to Choose a Pediatrician
- Fever in Baby: When to Call the Doctor
- Symptoms of a Severe Allergic Reaction
- Breast Cancer Treatment Options
- Is Your Body Ready for Pregnancy?