Immunization Schedule, Children (cont.)
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) Vaccine
This combination vaccine is given to protect against measles, mumps, and rubella (also known as German measles).
You or your child could catch these diseases by being around someone who has them. The virus is spread from person to person through the air due to coughing or sneezing by an infected individual.
- The first vaccine dose is given at 12-15 months of age. The second dose is usually given to children at 4-6 years of age but can be given at any time, provided that it has been at least four weeks since the first dose (and that both doses were given after the child's first birthday).
- Separate vaccines for each component of measles and mumps only are not available in the United States. A (German) measles-only vaccine is generally administered to women in the childbearing years who do not have evidence of immunity. Intrauterine fetal infection with measles virus can lead to catastrophic consequences.
Chickenpox (also called varicella) is a common childhood disease. It is usually mild, but it can be serious, especially in young infants and adults.
Chickenpox can be spread from person to person through the air or by contact with fluid from chickenpox blisters.
- This vaccine is recommended for children who have not had chickenpox, in order to minimize their chances of getting the disease and its complications. Three percent of children who receive the vaccine may still get the disease, but it is usually milder (fewer skin lesions, a quicker recovery time, and lower chance for complications).
- The vaccine is administered at 12 months of age with a booster dose between 4-6 years of age. Children 4 years of age and older may receive a combination MMR and varicella vaccination (MMRV).
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/29/2016
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