Immunization Schedule, Children (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Meningococcal infections are most common in close living conditions (such as college dormitories, military barracks, or child-care centers). The infection may invade the bloodstream or the fluid around the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). Symptoms come on rapidly and can be severe (leading to shock, coma, or death). Meningitis caused by meningococcal bacteria is difficult to distinguish from that of other bacteria that cause meningitis, making the disease more difficult to recognize and treat. Meningococcal infections are notoriously aggressive with a rapid march from an apparent minor illness to life-threatening status or death. Types of meningococcal vaccine include
Who should get the four-strain vaccine (for example, Menactra)?
Who gets the B strain vaccine (for example, Trumenba)?
Those who are 10 years of age or older who have one of the following conditions:
Side effects of the vaccine include pain, swelling, and redness at the site of injection that may occur one to two days following immunization. A booster dose schedule at various times applies to all of the above.
Rotavirus is the number-one cause of diarrhea in the United States and throughout the world. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved an oral vaccine against rotavirus. Vaccination against rotavirus is recommended by the CDC as part of the regularly scheduled vaccines. It is administered to all infants in either a two- or three-dose series starting in infants 6-12 weeks of age and completed before the infant is 32 weeks of age.
Clinical trials have found that immunization prevented over 80% of all rotavirus gastroenteritis cases, nearly all (over 90%) severe rotavirus gastroenteritis cases, and nearly all hospitalizations. A previously marketed rotavirus vaccine (RotaShield) was associated with intussusception (blockage of the intestine) and was removed from the market in 2002. The current two vaccines are manufactured differently and have not been associated with intussusception.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/10/2015
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Childhood Immunization Schedule - Experience
Please describe your child's experience with childhood vaccines.