Immunization Schedule, Children (cont.)
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines
HPV infection is considered to be the most common sexually transmitted infection (sexually transmitted disease [STD]) in the U.S. There are about 79 million people currently infected with HPV, and there are about 14 million people newly infected each year.
Although HPV infection often does not cause symptoms or signs, it is known that certain members of the HPV family of viruses cause precancerous changes of the cervix as well as cervical, vaginal, vulvar, and penile cancer. HPV is also associated with oral and anal cancer. HPV also causes genital warts.
Two vaccines are available to protect against HPV infection: (1) Gardasil 9 is indicated for both males and females; (2) Cervarix is licensed only for females.
- Both human papillomavirus vaccines are recommended in a three-dose schedule with the second and third doses administered two and six months after the first dose. Routine vaccination with HPV is recommended to be initiated for individuals 11-12 years of age.
For More Information on Childhood Immunizations
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Rd
Atlanta, GA 30333
American Academy of Pediatrics
141 Northwest Point Blvd
Elk Grove Village, IL 60007
CDC, National Immunization Program, January 2016, Vaccines for Children
American Academy of Pediatrics, Immunization Initiatives
MedlinePlus, Childhood Immunizations
Childhood Immunization Schedule
2016 Recommended childhood immunization schedule. Courtesy of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Click to view larger image.
"Catch-up" immunizations schedules for children ages 4 months to 6 years and 7 through 18 years. Courtesy of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
AAP. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Infectious Diseases. Recommended childhood immunization schedule-United States, January-December 2002. Pediatrics 109 Jan 2002: 162-4. [Medline].
AAP. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Infectious Diseases. Recommended childhood immunization schedule-United States, January-December 2001. Pediatrics 107.1 Jan 2001: 202-4. [Medline].
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedule - United States, 2006. MMWR [serial online]. 2006;54 (Nos. 54 & 52):Q1-Q4. [Full Text].
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/29/2016
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