IN THIS ARTICLE
Author and Editor
Author and Editor
Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor
Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Previous contributing authors and editors: Author: Raymond Rackley, MD, Professor of Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine at CWRU; Co-Section Head, Section of Voiding Dysfunction and Female Urology, Glickman Urological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation; George Lazarou, MD, FACOG, Director, Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, Jack D Weiler Hospital/Montefiore Medical Center; Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Women's Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Coauthor(s): Sandip P Vasavada, MD, Co-Head, Section of Female Urology, Joint Appointment, Urological Institute and Department of Gynecology, Co-Director, Center for Pelvic Neuromodulation, Cleveland Clinic Foundation; Jessica B Johnson, Medical Writer, eMedicine.com, Inc. Editors: Stanley A Brosman, MD, Clinical Professor, Department of Urology, University of California at Los Angeles Medical School; Mary L Windle, Pharm D, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine.com, Inc; Richard A Santucci, MD, FACS, Chief of Urology, Detroit Receiving Hospital; Chief of Urologic Trauma Surgery, Sinai Grace Hospital; Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, Wayne State University School of Medicine; Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS, Director, Center for Urologic Laparoscopy and Endourology, Associate Professor of Urology, Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University.
Last Editorial Review: 5/18/2012
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