Font Size

Incontinence (cont.)

Author and Editor

Author and Editor

Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor

Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD


American Urological Association Foundation.

National Institute on Aging. "Urinary Incontinence." National Institutes of Health (NIH). 28 Oct. 2011. <>.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). "The Urologic Diseases Dictionary." National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC). 9 Sept. 2010. <>.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). "Your Urinary System and How It Works." National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC). 9 Sept. 2010. <>.

The Simon Foundation for Continence. "About Incontinence." 29 May 2011. <>.

Vasavada, Sandip P., et al. "Urinary Incontinence." eMedicine. 5 Apr. 2012. <>.

Previous contributing authors and editors: Author: Raymond Rackley, MD, Professor of Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine at CWRU; Co-Section Head, Section of Voiding Dysfunction and Female Urology, Glickman Urological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation; George Lazarou, MD, FACOG, Director, Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, Jack D Weiler Hospital/Montefiore Medical Center; Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Women's Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Coauthor(s): Sandip P Vasavada, MD, Co-Head, Section of Female Urology, Joint Appointment, Urological Institute and Department of Gynecology, Co-Director, Center for Pelvic Neuromodulation, Cleveland Clinic Foundation; Jessica B Johnson, Medical Writer,, Inc. Editors: Stanley A Brosman, MD, Clinical Professor, Department of Urology, University of California at Los Angeles Medical School; Mary L Windle, Pharm D, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Pharmacy Editor,, Inc; Richard A Santucci, MD, FACS, Chief of Urology, Detroit Receiving Hospital; Chief of Urologic Trauma Surgery, Sinai Grace Hospital; Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, Wayne State University School of Medicine; Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS, Director, Center for Urologic Laparoscopy and Endourology, Associate Professor of Urology, Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University.

Last Editorial Review: 5/18/2012

Must Read Articles Related to Incontinence

Bedwetting Bedwetting (nocturnal enuresis) is the involuntary passage of urine while sleeping. Causes of bedwetting include urinary tract infection, diabetes, emotional pr...learn more >>
Bladder Control Problems
Bladder Control Problems Bladder control problems, or urinary incontinence, affect over 13 million people in the U.S. Causes include urinary tract infection, overactive bladder, blocked...learn more >>
Enlarged Prostate
Enlarged Prostate A man's prostate gland usually starts to enlarge after he reaches age 40 years or middle age. This condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The p...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Incontinence:

Urinary Incontinence - Symptoms

What were the symptoms of your urinary incontinence?

Urinary Incontinence - Causes

What caused your urinary incontinence?

Urinary Incontinence - Experience

Please describe your experience with urinary incontinence.

Urinary Incontinence - Treatment with Exercise

What was the treatment with exercise for your urinary incontinence?

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Incontinence, Urinary: Surgical Therapies »

Urinary incontinence is a medical condition that has significant negative effects on quality of life and may cause social stigma, financial hardship, and associated medical problems.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

Medical Dictionary