Inflammation of the Testicle (Orchitis) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Inflammation of the Testicle (Orchitis) article.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Atrophy: A wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is a decrease in muscle mass, often ...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chlamydia: The agent of a sexually transmitted disease, a type of bacteria found in the ce...

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Coxsackievirus: A family of enteroviruses first found in the town Coxsackie, south of Alba...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Doxycycline: Brand name: Vibramycin. A synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from te...

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Echovirus: A group of viruses found in the intestinal tract. The 'echo' part of the name i...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epididymitis: Inflammation of the epididymis. Epididymitis can be caused by sexually acqui...

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Escherichia coli: Full term for E. coli, the colon bacillus.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fertility: The ability to conceive and bear children, the ability to become pregnant throu...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that is transmitted by sexual contact. Gonorrhea is one o...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hypertrophy: Enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part of the body due to the increase...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infectious mononucleosis: A specific viral infection (with the Epstein-Barr virus) in whic...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Klebsiella: A group of bacteria that normally lives in the intestinal tract, but can cause...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Measles: An acute and highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, runny nose,...

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MMR: Measles, mumps, rubella vaccine, a combination vaccine.

Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in...

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Mumps: An acute (sudden, shortlived) viral illness that usually presents with inflammation...

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Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Orchitis: Inflammation of the testis. Causes of orchitis include mumps and other infection...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Penile: Of or pertaining to the penis.

Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Prepubertal: Before puberty, the period during which secondary sex characteristics start t...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Prostate gland: A gland in the male reproductive system that is located just below the bla...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Scrotum: The pouch of skin that contains the testes, epididymides, and lower portions of t...

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Semen: The fluid that is released through the penis during orgasm. Semen is made up of flu...

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Sexually transmitted disease: Any disease transmitted by sexual contact; caused by microo...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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STD: Sexually transmitted disease.

Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic orga...

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Testicles: The testicles (also called testes or gonads) are the male sex glands. They are ...

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Testis: The male sex gland, located behind the penis in a pouch of skin called the scrotum...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Urologist: A physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary organs in females and th...

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Vibramycin: Brand name for doxycycline.

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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