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Inflammation of the Testicle (Orchitis) (cont.)

Orchitis Diagnosis

Generally speaking, the diagnosis of orchitis can be established after a history and physical exam have been performed by a health care practitioner. However, imaging studies and laboratory testing may be undertaken to evaluate and exclude other medical conditions which may present with similar symptoms to those of orchitis.

  • An ultrasound of the affected testicle(s) may be ordered to exclude other conditions (for example, testicular torsion, abscess, or epididymitis) which may cause similar symptoms.
  • With a rectal exam, a health care practitioner can check the prostate gland for infection. This test is necessary because antibiotic treatment will be used for a longer period of time if the infection involves the prostate gland.
  • A sample of discharge taken from the urethra, the tube that forms the opening at the end of the penis, may be obtained to identify which bacteria are responsible for the infection if a sexually transmitted disease is suspected.
  • Blood work and a urinalysis may be obtained depending on the patient's symptoms.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/3/2014
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Orchitis »

Orchitis is an acute inflammatory reaction of the testis secondary to infection.

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