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Inflammation of the Testicle (Orchitis) (cont.)

Orchitis Treatment

Patient Comments

The medical treatment of orchitis depends on the underlying cause of infection, specifically whether it is caused by a bacterial or viral organism.

People with bacterial orchitis or bacterial epididymo-orchitis require antibiotic treatment. Antibiotic therapy is necessary to cure the infection.

  • Most men can be treated with antibiotics at home for 10-14 days. Longer courses may be required if the prostate gland is also involved.
  • If a patient has high fever, is vomiting, if he is very ill, or if he develops serious complications, the patient may require admission to a hospital for IV antibiotics.
  • Young, sexually active men need to make sure that all of their sexual partners are treated if the cause is determined to be a STD. They should either use condoms or abstain from sexual relations until all partners have completed their full course of antibiotics and are symptom-free.
  • Antibiotics prescribed will depend on the patient age and underlying cause of the bacterial infection. Antibiotics commonly used may include ceftriaxone (Rocephin), doxycycline (Vibramycin, Doryx), azithromycin (Zithromax) or ciprofloxacin (Cipro).

If the cause of orchitis is determined to be viral in origin, antibiotics will not be prescribed. Mumps orchitis will generally improve over a 1-2 week period. Patients should treat symptoms with the home care treatments outlined above.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/3/2014
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The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Inflammation of the Testicle (Orchitis):

Inflammation of the Testicle (Orchitis) - Symptoms

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Inflammation of the Testicle (Orchitis) - Medical Treatment

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Inflammation of the Testicle (Orchitis) - Causes

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Inflammation of the Testicle (Orchitis) - Experience

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Orchitis »

Orchitis is an acute inflammatory reaction of the testis secondary to infection.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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