Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Is There an Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Diet?
Diet changes may be necessary for both diseases. It is important to eat a healthy diet.
What Is the Medical Treatment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)?
Medical treatment for IBD depends upon whether it is Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. There are a variety of medications prescribed to treat the disease and symptoms of the disease. While ulcerative colitis can be resolved with surgery, Crohn's disease cannot, and the patient may continue to suffer from the disease.
The goal of medical treatment is to suppress the abnormal inflammatory response. This allows the intestinal tissue to heal, relieving the symptoms of diarrhea and abdominal pain. Once the symptoms are under control, medical treatment is used to decrease the frequency of flare-ups and to maintain remission.
A stepwise approach to the use of medications for inflammatory bowel disease may be taken. With this approach, the most benign (least harmful) drugs or drugs taken for a short period of time are used first. If they fail to provide relief, drugs that are less benign are used.
Note that drugs from all steps may be used additively. In general, the goal is to wean off of the corticosteroids as soon as possible to prevent long-term side effects. There may be different opinions regarding the use of certain medications in this stepwise approach.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/11/2017
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