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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) (cont.)

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Self-Care at Home

It is important to eat a healthy diet. Depending on the patient's symptoms, a health care professional may ask the patient to decrease the amount of fiber or dairy products in their diet.

Diet has little or no influence on the inflammatory activity in ulcerative colitis. However, diet may influence symptoms. For this reason, people with inflammatory bowel disease often are placed on a variety of diet interventions, especially low-residue diets. Evidence does not support a low-residue diet as beneficial in treating the inflammation of ulcerative colitis, though it might decrease the frequency of bowel movements.

Unlike ulcerative colitis, diet can influence inflammatory activity in Crohn's disease. Nothing by mouth (NPO status) can hasten reduction of inflammation, as might the use of a liquid diet or a predigested formula.

When a person become extremely upset, IBD symptoms may get worse. Therefore, it is important that patients learn to manage the stress in their lives.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/2/2015

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