Informed Consent Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Informed Consent article.

Advance directives: These directives pertain to treatment preferences and the designation ...

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Alcohol abuse: Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions (binge...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Child abuse: A complex set of behaviors that include child neglect and the physical, emoti...

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Clinical research trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications o...

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Clinical trial: A study that is intended to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of medic...

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Clinical trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Informed consent: The process by which a patient learns about and understands the purpose,...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

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Patient autonomy: The right of patients to make decisions about their medical care without...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

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Probability: The likelihood that something will happen. For example, a probability of less...

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Standard of care: 1. A diagnostic and treatment process that a clinician should fol...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Voluntary: Done in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The opposite of i...

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