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Insect Bites (cont.)

Insect Bites Home Remedies

Treatment depends on the type of reaction to the bite or sting. If there is only redness and pain at the site of the bite, application of ice is adequate treatment. Clean the area with soap and water to remove contaminated particles left behind by some insects (such as mosquitoes). These particles may further contaminate the wound if not removed. Refrain from scratching the bite or sting area because this may cause the skin to break down and an infection to form. Intermittent cold packs or ice may reduce swelling.

You may treat itching at the site of the bite with an over-the-counter antihistamine such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) in cream or pill form. Calamine lotion also helps relieve the itching.

Emergency treatment at home for more serious allergic reactions is available. People who have a history of severe reactions to bites or stings may have been prescribed an anaphylaxis kit (n kit). The kit contains an epinephrine injector (you give yourself an injection), tourniquet, and an antihistamine. The kit should be used according to the doctor's instructions. The treatment should be followed by an evaluation in an emergency department to be sure the person recovers completely.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/7/2014

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