Insect Bites (cont.)
An T Nguyen, MD
Marian Gambrell, MD
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
Anthony Anker, MD, FAAEM
IN THIS ARTICLE
Insect Bites Treatment
Self-Care at Home
Treatment depends on the type of reaction. If there is only redness and pain at the site of the bite, application of ice is adequate treatment. Clean the area with soap and water to remove contaminated particles left behind by some insects (such as mosquitoes). These particles may further contaminate the wound if not removed. Refrain from scratching because this may cause the skin to break down and an infection to form.
People who have a history of severe reactions to bites or stings may have been prescribed an anaphylaxis kit. The kit contains an epinephrine injector (you give yourself an injection), tourniquet, and an antihistamine. The kit should be used according to the doctor's instructions.
diphenhydramine (Benadryl). Steroids (drugs in the cortisone family) are also usually given. Oral antibiotics may be given for infected bite wounds. For seriously ill people, an IV will be started, oxygen given, and a heart monitor used until the symptoms have improved.
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