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Insomnia (cont.)

What causes chronic or long-term insomnia?

The majority of causes of chronic or long-term insomnia are usually linked to an underlying psychiatric or physiologic (medical) condition.

What medications are associated with insomnia?

Certain medications have also been associated with insomnia. Among them are:

  • Certain over-the-counter cold and asthma preparations.
  • Prescribed medications for upper respiratory congestion.
  • Medications prescribed to treat asthma
  • Steroid medications to treat inflammation
  • Some medications used to treat high blood pressure.
  • Some medications used to treat depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia.

What are psychological causes of insomnia?

The most common psychological problems that may lead to insomnia include:

Insomnia may be an indicator of depression. Many people will have insomnia during the acute phases of a mental illness. As mentioned earlier, depression and anxiety are strongly associated with insomnia and are the most common causes of sleeplessness.

What are physiological causes of insomnia?

Physiological causes vary from circadian rhythm disorders (disturbance of the biological clock) and sleep-wake imbalance, to a variety of medical conditions. The following are the most common medical conditions that trigger insomnia:

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/25/2016

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Insomnia »

Insomnia is defined as repeated difficulty with the initiation, duration, maintenance, or quality of sleep that occurs despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep that results in some form of daytime impairment.

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