Insulin Reaction Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Insulin Reaction article.

Blood glucose: The main sugar that the body makes from the food in the diet. Glucose is ca...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Dextrose: Glucose, a simple sugar.

Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar (glucose). Hypoglycemia may be associated with symptoms such...

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Hypoglycemic: Relating to hypoglycemia, an abnormally low level of the sugar glucose in th...

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Hypothermia: Abnormally low body temperature. Someone who falls asleep in a cold temperatu...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar gluco...

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Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Low blood sugar: A low blood level of the sugar glucose. Also called hypoglycemia.

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Night sweats: Severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. Nigh...

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Normal range: Characteristic of 95 percent of values from a normal population. The remaini...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Physiology: The study of how living organisms function, including such processes as nutrit...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Sulfonylurea: A class of oral hypoglycemic agents (medications that lower the level of blo...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Unconscious: 1. Interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings, lack ...

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