Intravenous Pyelogram Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Intravenous Pyelogram article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Contrast media: X-ray dye. Commonly spoken of as "contrast."

Creatinine: A chemical waste molecule that is generated from muscle metabolism. Creatinine...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flush: (1) A redness of the skin, typically over the cheeks or neck. A flush is usually ...

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Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Intravenous pyelogram: An X-ray of the kidneys and urinary tract. Abbreviated IVP. Structu...

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Iodine: An element in the diet that is essential for the manufacture of hormones by the th...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Kidney stone: A stone in the kidney or a stone that originates in the kidney but has passe...

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Laser: A powerful beam of light that is used in some types of surgery to cut or destroy ti...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nurse: 1) A person trained, licensed, or skilled in nursing. 2) To feed an infant at the ...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Prostate enlargement: Most prostatic enlargement is due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (B...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Pyelogram: An X-ray study of the kidneys, especially showing the pelvis (urine-collecting ...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Ureter: One of the two tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Each ureter...

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Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Urologist: A physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary organs in females and th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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