Iritis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Iritis article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Ankylosing: Having a tendency to stiffen and fuse together.

Ankylosing spondylitis: A form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joi...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Aqueous humor: In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aq...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Blurred vision: Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine d...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Ciliary body: Part of the eye, the ciliary body is a circular structure just behind the ir...

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Cortisone: A naturally occurring adrenocorticoid hormone that is produced in minute amount...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dilate: To stretch or enlarge. Also known as dilatate.

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Flare: 1. an exacerbation of a chronic disease. Sometimes referred to as a flare-up, a fla...

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Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises to a lev...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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Herpes zoster: Also called shingles, zona, and zoster. The culprit is the varicella-zoster...

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Humor: In medicine, a fluid or semifluid substance. For example, the aqueous humor is the ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Inflammatory bowel disease: A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by infla...

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Iris: The circular, colored curtain of the eye. The opening of the iris forms the pupil. T...

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Iritis: Inflammation of the interior eye structures.

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Juvenile: Between infantile and adult. Used in medicine to indicate onset in childhood, as...

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Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: See: Arthritis, systemic-onset juvenile rheumatoid.

Lens: The transparent structure inside the eye that focuses light rays onto the retina.

Lyme disease: An inflammatory disease that is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Ophthalmologist: A physician who practices ophthalmology.

Ophthalmology: The art and science of eye ?medicine.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Psoriasis: A reddish, scaly rash often located over the surfaces of the elbows, knees, sca...

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Pupil: The opening of the iris. The pupil may appear to open (dilate) and close (constrict...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Reiter syndrome: A chronic form of inflammatory arthritis wherein the following three cond...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Sarcoidosis: A disease of unknown origin that causes small lumps (granulomas) due to chron...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae of the spine. Diffuse inflammati...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic orga...

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Systemic: Affecting the entire body. A systemic disease such as diabetes can affect the wh...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacteriu...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Uveitis: Inflammation of the uvea. Uveitis is a serious form of eye inflammation and requi...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Medical Dictionary