Irritable Bowel Syndrome (cont.)
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What are the complications of irritable bowel syndrome?
IBS has few associated complications. IBS does not lead to rectal bleeding, colon cancer, or inflammatory bowel diseases including ulcerative colitis. Diarrhea and constipation may aggravate hemorrhoids in people who already have them. If a person eliminates too many foods from their diet, and the diet is too limited in nutrients that could cause health problems.
The effect on a person's quality of life is the biggest complication of IBS. Stress and anxiety can result from the pain, and can impact a person's daily life.
Can irritable bowel syndrome be prevented?
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Follow the diet and lifestyle recommendations as outlined above, and as discussed with your physician. Avoiding triggers is the best way to prevent symptoms of IBS.
What is the outlook for a person with irritable bowel syndrome?
Because irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic (long-term) disease, symptoms usually return from time to time. This may be influenced by factors such as stress, diet, or other environmental causes. No known treatment cures IBS. Multiple factors may play a role in aggravating IBS, so it is difficult to predict what triggers may make IBS worse for a particular person. Establishing a good relationship with a health-care professional may help alleviate concerns over symptoms and allow rapid recognition of changing or worsening symptoms.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/25/2016
Bhupinder Anand, MD
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