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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (cont.)

Is there a specific diet for IBS?

Diet and lifestyle changes are important in decreasing the frequency and severity of IBS symptoms.

The first thing your doctor may suggest is to keep a food diary. This will help you figure out foods that trigger your symptoms.

  • Limit foods that contain ingredients that can stimulate the intestines and cause diarrhea, such as:
    • Caffeine
    • Alcohol
    • Dairy products
    • Fatty foods
    • Foods high in sugar
    • Artificial sweeteners (sorbitol and xylitol)
  • Some vegetables (cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts) and legumes (beans) may worsen bloating and gassiness and should be avoided.
  • A high fiber diet may lessen symptoms of constipation.
  • Drink plenty of water, and avoid carbonated drinks such as soda, which may cause gas and discomfort.
  • Eat smaller meals and eat slowly to help reduce cramping and diarrhea.
  • Low fat, high carbohydrate meals such as pasta, rice, and whole-grain breads may help (unless you have celiac disease).
  • Probiotic supplements such as lactobacillus acidophilus or prebiotics may help alleviate IBS symptoms including abdominal pain, bloating, and bowel movement irregularity.
  • A diet low in FODMAPs (Fermentable Oligo-saccharides, Di-saccharides, Mono-saccharides And Polyols), a group of short-chain carbohydrates, may help relieve IBS symptoms. Consult your doctor for more information.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/15/2016
Medical Editor:

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Irritable Bowel Disease »

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional GI disorder characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits in the absence of specific and unique organic pathology.

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