Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Triggers and Prevention Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Triggers and Prevention article.

Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Biofeedback: A method of treatment that uses a monitor to measure patients' physiologic in...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Exacerbate: To make worse. For example, smoking may exacerbate lung disease.

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Flare: 1. an exacerbation of a chronic disease. Sometimes referred to as a flare-up, a fla...

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Fructose: A sugar that occurs naturally in fruits and honey. Fructose has 4 calories per g...

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Germ: 1. A cell or group of cells (called a primordium) capable of developing into ...

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Gluten: A protein found in wheat or related grains and many foods that we eat. Gluten can ...

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Lactose: The sugar found in milk. Lactose is a large sugar molecule that is made up of two...

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Lactose intolerance: The inability to digest lactose, a component of milk and some other d...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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MPH: Master of public health, a degree designating successful training in analyzing past, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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PMDD: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

Premenstrual: Just before the start of menstruation. As in a premenstrual headache.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: An unusually severe form of premenstrual syndrome charact...

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Psychotherapy: The treatment of a behavior disorders, mental illness, or any other conditi...

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Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stomach cramps: A nonmedical term most often used to describe pain in the mid- or upper ab...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

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Medical Dictionary