Jaundice Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Jaundice article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

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Bile: Bile is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder an...

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Bilirubin: A yellow-orange compound that is produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin from r...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood group: An inherited feature on the surface of the red blood cells. A series of relat...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breast milk: Milk from the breast. Human milk contains a balance of nutrients that close...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and l...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Cholangitis: Inflammation of the bile duct. From cholangi-, pertaining to a bile duct + -i...

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Cholescintigraphy: A diagnostic test in which a two-dimensional picture of a radiation sou...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Computerized tomography: Pictures of structures within the body created by a computer that...

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Congenital: A condition that is present at birth, whether or not it is inherited.

Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Duct: A walled passageway, such as a lymph duct, that carries fluid from one place to anot...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Endoscope: A lighted optical instrument that is used to get a deep look inside the body. A...

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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: Abbreviated ERCP. A procedure done to diag...

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ERCP: Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography, a diagnostic procedure used to exam...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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G6PD deficiency: Deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), the mo...

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Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gallstones: Stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones can be as smal...

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Gastroenterologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

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Hemolysis: The destruction of red blood cells which leads to the release of hemoglobin fro...

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Hepatic: Having to do with the liver.

Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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Hepatitis A: Inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). HAV is usual...

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Hepatitis B: Inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis B virus (HBV), once thought to...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

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Kernicterus: A disorder that is due to severe jaundice in the newborn, with deposition of ...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver biopsy: A procedure in which a small sample of the liver is removed for the diagnosi...

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Liver transplant: Surgery to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy liver (...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Malaria: An infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites from the Plasmodium family th...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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Molecule: The smallest unit of a substance that can exist alone and retain the character o...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Pancreatic: Having to do with the pancreas.

Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas. Of the many causes of pancreatitis, the most c...

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Pathologic: 1. Indicative of or caused by disease, as in a pathologic fracture, pat...

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Pathologist: A physician who identifies diseases and conditions by studying abnormal cells...

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Phototherapy: Treatment with light. For example, a newborn with jaundice may be put under ...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Radioactive: Emitting energy waves due to decaying atomic nuclei. Radioactive substances a...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Red blood cell: The blood cell that carries oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Thalassemia: A group of genetic disorders that involve underproduction of hemoglobin, the ...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Transplant: The grafting of a tissue from one place to another, just as in botany a bu...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Watchful waiting: Closely monitoring a patient's condition but withholding therapy until t...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary