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Jaundice (cont.)

How to Prevent Jaundice

The underlying medical condition causing jaundice can in some cases be prevented. Some preventive measures include the following:

  • Avoid heavy alcohol use (alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and pancreatitis).
  • Vaccines for hepatitis (hepatitis A, hepatitis B)
  • Take medications which prevent malaria before travelling to high-risk regions.
  • Avoid high-risk behaviors such as intravenous drug use or unprotected intercourse (hepatitis B).
  • Avoid potentially contaminated food/water and maintain good hygiene (hepatitis A).
  • Avoid medications that can cause hemolysis in susceptible individuals (such as those with G6PD deficiency, a condition that leads to red blood cell breakdown after consumption of certain substances).
  • Avoid medications and toxins which can cause hemolysis or directly damage the liver.

What is Jaundice Prognosis?

The prognosis depends on the underlying cause. Some conditions are easily managed and carry an excellent prognosis, while others may become chronic and require lifelong physician supervision. Unfortunately, some conditions causing jaundice may be fatal despite medical or surgical intervention. Discuss the prognosis with a health care practitioner once a diagnosis has been established.

Medically reviewed by Rambod Rouhbakhsh, M.D., MBA, FAAFP; American Board of Family Medicine


Last Editorial Review: 6/5/2014

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