Jock Itch Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Jock Itch article.

Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

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Antifungal: A medication that limits or prevents the growth of yeasts and other fungal org...

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Antifungal medication: A drug used to treat fungal infections.

Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Athlete's foot: A skin infection caused by a fungus called Trichophyton that thrives withi...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Candida albicans: A yeast-like fungal organism found in small amounts in the normal human...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Contact dermatitis: A skin condition caused by contact between skin and some substance. In...

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Dandruff: A scalp condition that produces white flakes that may be shed and fall from the ...

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Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin, either due to an inherent skin defect, direct contac...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epidemic: The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community...

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Erythrasma: A chronic superficial slowly spreading skin infection, especially in the folds...

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Erythromycin: Erythromycin is a common antibiotic for treating bacterial infection. Sold...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Fungus: A single-celled or multicellular organism. Fungi can be true pathogens (such as hi...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Genitalia: The male or female reproductive organs. The genitalia include internal and exte...

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Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

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Hidradenitis suppurativa: An illness characterized by multiple abscesses of the skin that ...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Jock itch: A common fungal infection sometimes referred to as ringworm, involving the skin...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lubricant: An oily or slippery substance. A vaginal lubricant may be helpful for women who...

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Male genitalia: The genital organs of the male. These are usually separated by convention...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Obese: Well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be ob...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Pimples: Small papules or pustules. See: Pimple.

Predispose: To make more likely or render susceptible. Smoking predisposes to a number of ...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psoriasis: A reddish, scaly rash often located over the surfaces of the elbows, knees, sca...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Scrotum: The pouch of skin that contains the testes, epididymides, and lower portions of t...

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Seborrheic dermatitis: A medical name for what is popularly called seborrhea.

Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Yeast infection: Overgrowth of yeast can affect the skin (yeast rash), mouth (thrush), di...

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Zinc: A mineral that is essential to the body and is a constituent of many enzymes that pe...

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Zinc oxide: An ingredient found in creams and ointments used to prevent or treat minor ski...

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